China's relentless economic growth in the 1980s and 1990s heralded its emergence as a
great power in world politics. As its economy expanded, China seemed poised to become the
second-largest economy in the world. At the same time, it modernized its military and adopted a more
assertive diplomatic posture. Many observers have begun to debate the international implications of
China's rise. Some analysts argue that China will inevitably pose a threat to peace and security in
East Asia. A few even predict a new cold war between Beijing and Washington. Others claim that a
powerful China can remain benign. None believes that China can be ignored. The essays in this volume
assess China's emerging capabilities and intentions, debate the impact that China will have on
security in the Asia-Pacific region, and propose polices for the United States to adopt in its
relations with China.